Puke Ariki
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WD.007351 Swainson’s Studios War Memorial Hall, Opening (3 July 1960)The concept of Puke Ariki was formed in 1993 when a working party was established by New Plymouth District Council to address the problem of the town’s museum and library running out of space.
In fact, the War Memorial Building, which housed the museum and library, had been suffering from a lack of space for almost 35 years.
Just 5% of the museum’s collection was on display to visitors with the remainder stored in the basement of the building.
As the library book collection grew, so did the battle for space and by the early 1980s, the situation was becoming critical.
The working party’s mandate was to establish the immediate needs of both institutions and to plan for future expansion.
In 1995 the site for the new building was agreed upon – the old Puke Ariki Pā site a culturally important site for both Māori and Pākehā. The earliest known history of this location dates to around 1700 when it was a significant hill along this coastline on which was located the pā (fortified village). This was the home of the great Māori Chief Te Rangi Apitirua. After the migration of large numbers of local Māori to the Kāpiti coast and greater Wellington region in the early 1800s, the site was taken up by the Plymouth Company for colonial settlement in 1841. It was renamed Mount Eliot until the hill was completely removed to make way for the needs of the growing town.
Pile driving on the new Puke Ariki site
The new museum complex was to be built here, on the foreshore and under the mountain, with the library expanding to fill the existing building. The two would be joined by a bridge over Ariki Street. And the project got its name – Puke Ariki.
In 1996/7, Komiti Māori was formed to represent all the iwi in the Taranaki region so ensuring the entire community were able to give their input into this ambitious, innovative and essential project.
The important issue of funding for the site was finally decided in 1999 when the council confirmed its $12.3 million budget and resolved the extra $3 million needed to cover the fit-out must be raised by the community and through non-council grants. Puke Ariki eventually managed to raise another $11 million towards the project.
On 15 June 2003, the doors were swung open for Puke Ariki’s first visitors and history was made. The world’s first integrated museum, library and tourist information centre was open.
And its success was immediate. Awards for the buildings’ innovative design, its interior design, the design of the Arborio restaurant, its information systems, its website and even its lighting were a regular occurrence. And, most importantly, the local people and the out-of-town visitors loved it too.
And so Puke Ariki continues what it started by combining the historical with the high-tech, the entertaining with the educational, and forever preserving the stories of the past and present for the visitors of the future.